April 23, 1970


This almanac page for Thursday, April 23, 1970, pulls together various records created by the federal government and links to additional resources which can provide context about the events of the day.

Previous Date: Wednesday, April 22, 1970

Next Date: Friday, April 24, 1970

Schedule and Public Documents

  • The Daily Diary files represent a consolidated record of the President's activities. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    The President's day began at The White House - Washington, D. C.

  • The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents made available transcripts of the President's news conferences; messages to Congress; public speeches, remarks, and statements; and other Presidential materials released by the White House.

    Appointments and Nominations

    Congress, Communications to

    • Draft Reform (6 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 571, April 23, 1970)
      The President's Message to the Congress Outlining Actions and Proposals in a Move Toward Ending the Draft.
    • World Weather Program (6 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 576, April 23, 1970)
      The President's Message to the Congress Transmitting the Second Annual Plan for United States Participation in the Program.

    Executive Orders

    • Draft Reform (6 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 575, April 23, 1970)
      Executive Order 11527.

    Acts Approved by the President

    • H.R. 15349 -- Public Law 91-234
      An Act to amend the Railway Labor Act in order to change the number of carrier representatives and labor organization representatives on the National Railroad Adjustment Board, and for other purposes.

    Checklist of White House Press Releases

    The releases listed below, made public by the Office of the White House Press Secretary during the period covered by this issue, are not included in the issue.

    • Background material on the impact of the President's proposed draft reform on individual registrants.
    • Press conference of Roger T. Kelley, Assistant Secretary of Defense, Manpower and Reserve Affairs, and Dr. Curtis W. Tarr, Director, Selective Service System, on the President's message to the Congress on draft reform.
    • Press conference of Senator Hugh Scott and Representative Leslie C. Arends following Republican leadership meeting.
  • Each Public Papers of the Presidents volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the White House Office of the Press Secretary during the time period specified by the volume. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the text note.

    To ensure accuracy, remarks have been checked against audio recordings (when available) and signed documents have been checked against the original, unless otherwise noted. Editors have provided text notes and cross references for purposes of identification or clarity.

  • The Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other Presidential documents.

  • The Congressional Record is the official daily record of the debates and proceedings of the U.S. Congress.

Archival Holdings

  • The H. R. Haldeman Diaries consists of seven handwritten diaries, 36 dictated diaries recorded as sound recordings, and two handwritten audio cassette tape subject logs. The diaries and logs reflect H. R. Haldeman’s candid personal record and reflections on events, issues, and people encountered during his service in the Nixon White House. As administrative assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, Haldeman attended and participated in public events and private meetings covering the entire scope of issues in which the Nixon White House engaged in during the years 1969-1973. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

  • The National Archives Catalog is the online portal to the records held at the National Archives, and information about those records. It is the main way of describing our holdings and also provides access to electronic records and digitized versions of our holdings. 

    The Catalog searches across multiple National Archives resources at once, including archival descriptions, digitized and electronic records, authority records, and web pages from and the Presidential Libraries. The Catalog also allows users to contribute to digitized historical records through tagging and transcription.

    Nixon Library Holdings

    All National Archives Units

National Security Documents

  • The President's Daily Brief is the primary vehicle for summarizing the day-to-day sensitive intelligence and analysis, as well as late-breaking reports, for the White House on current and future national security issues. Read "The President's Daily Brief: Delivering Intelligence to Nixon and Ford" to learn more.

  • The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. Visit the State Department website for more information.

    Vol. IV, Foreign Assistance, International Development, Trade Policies, 1969-1972

    East-West Trade, 1969-1972

    Vol. VI, Vietnam, January 1969-July 1970

    Vietnam, January 1969-July 1970

    • 252. Memorandum for the Record , Washington, April 23, 1970, 7:20 p.m.

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, NSC Institutional Files (H-Files), Box H–114, WSAG Minutes, Originals, 1969–1970. Secret; Sensitive. The meeting was held in the White House Situation Room.

    Vol. XIX, Part 1, Korea, 1969-1972

    U.S. Troop Reductions and Related Defense Issues, November 1969-February 1971

    Vol. XX, Southeast Asia, 1969-1972


    Vol. XXXII, SALT I, 1969-1972

    Round Two at Vienna, April 18-August 13, 1970

    • 72. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon, Washington, April 23, 1970

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 877, SALT, SALT talks (Vienna), Vol. VIII, April 9–May 10, 1970. Secret; Exdis. Sent for information. A handwritten and stamped notation on the memorandum reads: “ret’d April 25, 1970.” On April 21 Sonnenfeldt sent Kissinger an analytical memorandum on the Soviet SALT proposals, upon which Kissinger commented: “Hal—This is a superb job.” On April 13 Sonnenfeldt had written a letter to Kissinger threatening to leave the NSC staff in mid-1970 for the following reason: “For reasons which you undoubtedly consider valid you have excluded me from meaningful participation in the substantive preparations for SALT. […] Moreover, because of your obvious disinclination to give me access to your views and to other relevant information, it has ceased to make sense for me to function as the NSC staff representative in the interagency bodies concerned with the subjects in question.” (Ibid., Box 834, Name Files, Sonnenfeldt, Helmut)

    Vol. XLI, Western Europe; NATO, 1969-1972

    Western Europe Region and NATO

    • 37. Memorandum From the Chairman of the NSC Ad Hoc Group on Europe (Hillenbrand) to the Chairman of the Review Group (Kissinger) , Washington, April 23, 1970

      Source: National Archives, RG 59, Executive Secretariat, Files on Select National Security Study Memorandums, 1969–70, Lot 80D212, NSSM 91. Confidential. Cleared by Samuels, Pedersen, Camps, and Trezise. Additional documentation on EC enlargement is in the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Kissinger Papers, Boxes CL 290 and 292. See also Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, volume III, Foreign Economic Policy, 1969–1972; International Monetary Policy, 1969–1972, Document 40. Kissinger discussed EC enlargement in White House Years, pp. 425–429.

    Vol. E-10, Documents on American Republics, 1969-1972


    • 413. Telegram 962 From the Embassy in Jamaica to the Department of State, April 23, 1970, 2200Z. , April 23, 1970, 2200Z

      The Embassy reported on a meeting between Ambassador de Roulet and Jamaican Finance Minister Seaga, in which Seaga indicated that the Jamaican Government had decided on a course of action to gain equity participation in the bauxite industry.

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 786, Country Files, Latin America, Jamaica, Vol. I. Secret; Limdis.

  • The Kissinger telephone conversation transcripts consist of approximately 20,000 pages of transcripts of Kissinger’s telephone conversations during his tenure as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (1969-1974) and Secretary of State (1973-1974) during the administration of President Richard Nixon. Visit the finding aid for more information.

    Digitized versions of many of these transcripts can be found on the Yale University Library website.

Audiovisual Holdings

  • The White House Photo Office collection consists of photographic coverage of President Richard Nixon meeting with prominent social, political, and cultural personalities; speaking engagements and news conferences of the President and various high-ranking members of the White House staff and Cabinet; Presidential domestic and foreign travel, including Presidential vacations; social events and entertainment involving the First Family, including entertainers present; official portraits of the President, First Family, and high-ranking members of the Nixon administration; the 1969 and 1973 Inaugurals; the President’s 1972 Presidential election campaign appearances (including speeches) and other official activities of the White House staff and the President’s Cabinet from January 20, 1969 until August 9, 1974 at the White House and the Old Executive Office Building; other locations in Washington, DC, such as The Mall; and the Presidential retreats in Camp David, Maryland, Key Biscayne, Florida, and San Clemente, California. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    Roll WHPO-3409 Photographer: Atkins, Oliver | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3409-00A-09A, President Nixon meeting with Special Assistant H. Dale Grubb. 4/23/1970, Washington, D.C. White House, Oval Office. President Nixon, H. Dale Grubb.

    Roll WHPO-3410 Photographer: Grove, Andrew | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3410-03-05, Richard Cook with children of George Mason School. 4/23/1970, Washington, D.C. White House, North Portico. Richard K. Cook, students, young people.

    Roll WHPO-3411 Photographer: Atkins, Oliver | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3411-01-04, Portraits of Presidential Assistant William Timmons. 4/23/1970, Washington, D.C. unknown. William E. Timmons.

    Roll WHPO-3412 Photographer: Kightlinger, Jack | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3412-03-20, Director of Communications Herb Klein with a group of the White House Fellows. 4/23/1970, Washington, D.C. unknown. Herbert G. Klein, unidentified White House Fellows.

    Roll WHPO-3413 Photographer: Grove, Andrew | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3413-03A-05A, Vice President Agnew meeting with Mike Lembke of Denmark. 4/23/1970, Washington, D.C. Vice-president`s Office. Spiro Agnew, Mike Lembk.
  • The White House Communications Agency Sound Recordings Collection contains public statements that took place between 1969 and 1974. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    H - White House Staff Member Recordings

    • WHCA-SR-H-163
      Press briefing by Gerald Warren, Curtis Tarr, and Mr. Kelly on Nixon's reform of the draft. (4/23/1970, Press Center, White House)

      Runtime: 40:00:00

      Keywords: Press conferences, news conferences, interviews, media, military, conscription, selective service, lottery, laws, Vietnam War, draft reform, draft evasion

      Production credits: Audio feed supplied by WHCA; Recorded by RRS (Bob Schroder, WHCA engineer)

      Original Format: 1/4-inch reel-to-reel audiotape. Original source type: Original.

Context (External Sources)