April 15, 1970


This almanac page for Wednesday, April 15, 1970, pulls together various records created by the federal government and links to additional resources which can provide context about the events of the day.

Previous Date: Tuesday, April 14, 1970

Next Date: Thursday, April 16, 1970

Schedule and Public Documents

  • The Daily Diary files represent a consolidated record of the President's activities. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    The President's day began at The White House - Washington, D. C.

  • The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents made available transcripts of the President's news conferences; messages to Congress; public speeches, remarks, and statements; and other Presidential materials released by the White House.

    Congress, Communications to

    Executive Orders

    Acts Approved by the President

    Checklist of White House Press Releases

    The releases listed below, made public by the Office of the White House Press Secretary during the period covered by this issue, are not included in the issue.

    • Fact sheet on the President's message to Congress on control of pollution of the Great Lakes and the oceans.
    • Press conference of Russell E. Train, Chairman, Council on Environmental Quality; Robert E. Jordan III, General Counsel and Special Assistant for Civil Functions, Department of the Army; Gen. F. P. Kolsch, Director of Civil Works, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; and Leslie L. Glasgow, Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife, Parks and Marine Resources, Department of the Interior, on the President's message to Congress on control of pollution of the Great Lakes and the oceans.

    Digest of Other White House Announcements

    Following is a listing of items of general interest which were announced in the press but not made public as formal White House press releases during the period covered by this issue. Appointments requiring Senate approval are not included since they appear in the list of nominations submitted to the Senate, below.

    • The President has invited President Suharto of the Republic of Indonesia to visit the United States on May 26 and 27. The Indonesian President will be accompanied by his wife.
    • The President will host a dinner for Vice Premier Chiang Ching-kuo of the Republic of China on April 21.

    Nominations Submitted to the Senate

    Does not include promotions of members of the Uniformed Services, nominations to the Service Academies, or nominations of Foreign Service Officers.

    • HARRY A. BLACKMUN, of Minnesota, to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, vice Abe Fortas, resigned.
    • ADM. THOMAS H. MOORER, U.S. Navy, for appointment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for a term of 2 years, pursuant to Title 10, United States Code, Section 142.
    • Having designated ADM. THOMAS H. MOORER, U.S. Navy, for duties of great importance and responsibility commensurate with the grade of admiral within the contemplation of Title 10, United States Code, Section 5231, I nominate him for appointment to the grade of admiral while so serving.
    • VICE ADM. ELMO R. ZUMWALT, JR., United States Navy, for appointment as Chief of Naval Operations in the Department of the Navy, with the rank of Admiral while so serving, pursuant to Title 10, United States Code, Section 6081.
  • Each Public Papers of the Presidents volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the White House Office of the Press Secretary during the time period specified by the volume. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the text note.

    To ensure accuracy, remarks have been checked against audio recordings (when available) and signed documents have been checked against the original, unless otherwise noted. Editors have provided text notes and cross references for purposes of identification or clarity.

  • The Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other Presidential documents.

  • The Congressional Record is the official daily record of the debates and proceedings of the U.S. Congress.

Archival Holdings

  • The H. R. Haldeman Diaries consists of seven handwritten diaries, 36 dictated diaries recorded as sound recordings, and two handwritten audio cassette tape subject logs. The diaries and logs reflect H. R. Haldeman’s candid personal record and reflections on events, issues, and people encountered during his service in the Nixon White House. As administrative assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, Haldeman attended and participated in public events and private meetings covering the entire scope of issues in which the Nixon White House engaged in during the years 1969-1973. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

  • The National Archives Catalog is the online portal to the records held at the National Archives, and information about those records. It is the main way of describing our holdings and also provides access to electronic records and digitized versions of our holdings. 

    The Catalog searches across multiple National Archives resources at once, including archival descriptions, digitized and electronic records, authority records, and web pages from and the Presidential Libraries. The Catalog also allows users to contribute to digitized historical records through tagging and transcription.

    Nixon Library Holdings

    All National Archives Units

National Security Documents

  • The President's Daily Brief is the primary vehicle for summarizing the day-to-day sensitive intelligence and analysis, as well as late-breaking reports, for the White House on current and future national security issues. Read "The President's Daily Brief: Delivering Intelligence to Nixon and Ford" to learn more.

  • The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. Visit the State Department website for more information.

    Vol. II, Organization and Management of U.S. Foreign Policy, 1969-1972

    Foreign Economic Policy

    • 362. Draft Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Stans to President Nixon, Washington, April 15, 1970

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 213, Dept of Commerce, Vol. I, 1970. Official Use Only. Stans forwarded the unsigned draft memorandum to Kissinger under cover of an April 14 memorandum in which he noted that Nixon asked him to submit the proposal through Kissinger. Stans sent a copy of the proposal to Rogers the same day, explaining in his covering memorandum that he was considering recommending the changes and had forwarded the draft proposal to Kissinger. (Ibid., RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE)

    Vol. VI, Vietnam, January 1969-July 1970

    Vietnam, January 1969-July 1970


    Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, NSC Institutional Files (H-Files), Box H–114, WSAG Minutes, Originals, 1969–1970. Top Secret; Sensitive. The meeting was held in the White House Situation Room.

    Vol. XX, Southeast Asia, 1969-1972


    • 286. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia, Washington, April 15, 1970, 0023Z

      Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, POL 27 CAMB. Secret; Immediate; Nodis. Drafted and approved by Green on April 14, and cleared by Under Secretary Johnson, Director Dirk Gleysteen (S/S-S), and Kissinger at the White House.

    Vol. XXVIII, Southern Africa

    Regional Issues

    Vol. XXXII, SALT I, 1969-1972

    Opening Round at Helsinki and Preparations for Vienna, November 17, 1969-April 15, 1970

    • 70. Memorandum From Secretary of State Rogers to President Nixon, Washington, April 15, 1970

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 877, SALT, SALT talks (Vienna), Vol. VIII, April 9–May 10, 1970. Secret. A copy was sent to Haig. Handwritten notations in an unknown hand read: “HAK: FYI” and “Action: S’feldt.”

    Vol. E-1, Documents on Global Issues, 1969-1972

    U.S. Policy Towards Terrorism, Hijacking of Aircraft, and Attacks on Civil Aviation: Policy Towards Kidnapping of U.S. Officials Abroad, April 1970-April 1971

    • 40. Memorandum for the Record , Washington, April 15, 1970

      Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration Macomber and Secretary of State Rogers discussed the problem of kidnapping. The Secretary decided that for the present the Department of State should follow an ad hoc policy on kidnappings and should collaborate with other international organizations to devise additional methods to improve security capabilities.

      Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970-73, POL 17 US. Confidential. The memorandum, drafted by J. Stewart Cottman, Special Assistant to Macomber, is incomplete. No complete version was found.

    Vol. E-10, Documents on American Republics, 1969-1972


    • 127. Memorandum From the Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon, Washington, April 15, 1970. , Washington, April 15, 1970

      President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs Kissinger, for President Nixon, approved $112 million in sector, technical assistance, and PL 480 support for Brazil. In addition, $75 million in program loans was deferred, awaiting a NSC policy review.

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 771, Country Files, Latin America, Brazil, Vol. 1, Through August 1970. Confidential. Sent for action. Kissinger approved for Nixon on May 2. Attached but not published are Tabs A and B. Tab A is a March 18 memorandum from Rogers to Nixon and Tab B is an April 3 memorandum from Schlesinger to Nixon. In a covering memorandum from Vaky to Kissinger, Vaky argued against the $75 million program loan at the present time, because “it would lock the President into an overall policy stance toward Brazil before he has had an opportunity to consider all of the policy issues and implications involved… We should at least consider the question of whether this kind of close identification with the Médici regime will alienate other sectors of Brazilian society which in the longer term may be more important to achievement of a constructive U.S.-Brazilian relationship.”

  • The Kissinger telephone conversation transcripts consist of approximately 20,000 pages of transcripts of Kissinger’s telephone conversations during his tenure as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (1969-1974) and Secretary of State (1973-1974) during the administration of President Richard Nixon. Visit the finding aid for more information.

    Digitized versions of many of these transcripts can be found on the Yale University Library website.

Audiovisual Holdings

  • The White House Photo Office collection consists of photographic coverage of President Richard Nixon meeting with prominent social, political, and cultural personalities; speaking engagements and news conferences of the President and various high-ranking members of the White House staff and Cabinet; Presidential domestic and foreign travel, including Presidential vacations; social events and entertainment involving the First Family, including entertainers present; official portraits of the President, First Family, and high-ranking members of the Nixon administration; the 1969 and 1973 Inaugurals; the President’s 1972 Presidential election campaign appearances (including speeches) and other official activities of the White House staff and the President’s Cabinet from January 20, 1969 until August 9, 1974 at the White House and the Old Executive Office Building; other locations in Washington, DC, such as The Mall; and the Presidential retreats in Camp David, Maryland, Key Biscayne, Florida, and San Clemente, California. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    Roll WHPO-3340 Photographer: Knudsen, Robert L. | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3340-02-31, White House flag at half mast in memory of Merriman Smith. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. White House. none.

    Roll WHPO-3344 Photographer: Atkins, Oliver | Color or B&W: Color

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3344-02-13, Press briefing given by Ronald Ziegler. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. White House Press Room. Ron Ziegler.
    • Frame(s): WHPO-3344-12, Press briefing given by Ronald Ziegler. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. White House Press Room.

    Roll WHPO-3345 Photographer: Kightlinger, Jack | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3345-01A-11A, Pat Nixon hosts tea for foreign poets. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. White House. Pat Nixon.

    Roll WHPO-3346 Photographer: Kightlinger, Jack | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3346-03-09, Harry Dent with Republicans Mrs. Lee Miller, Mrs. Gladys O`Donnell, Mrs. Royce Bannister. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. White House. Mr. Dent, Mrs. Miller, O`Donnell, Bannister.

    Roll WHPO-3347 Photographer: Schumacher, Karl | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-3347-, A portrait study of Mr. Gorrin. 4/15/1970, Washington, D.C. Executive Office Building Rm. 119. Mr. Gorrin.
  • The White House Communications Agency Sound Recordings Collection contains public statements that took place between 1969 and 1974. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    H - White House Staff Member Recordings

    • WHCA-SR-H-158
      Press briefing by Ronald Ziegler, Russell Train, R. Jordan, Gen. Koisch, Dr. Leslie Glasgow regarding Great Lakes. (4/15/1970, Press Center, White House)

      Runtime: 28:00:00

      Keywords: Press conferences, news conferences, interviews, media, press secretary

      Production credits: Audio feed supplied by WHCA; Recorded by WJN (initials of WHCA engineer)

      Original Format: 1/4-inch reel-to-reel audiotape. Original source type: Original.

Context (External Sources)