FG 308 (Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse) (White House Central Files: Subject Files)


These Presidential historical materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note), and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify private or personal as well as non-historical items. Such items, if found, have been withdrawn for return to the individual with primary proprietary or commemorative interest in them.

Materials covered by this act have been archivally processed and are described in this finding aid. Items that are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (NA Form 14021) has been placed in the front of each folder describing each withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restrictions. Classified documents may be reviewed for declassification under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear measurement of materials:   3 in.
  • Approximate number of pages:   400
Organizational Note

The Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse was established by the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1236). The Commission studied drug abuse and the use of marihuana in the United States, investigated the physical and psychological effects of marihuana (including its relationship to aggressive behavior and crime), and conducted a comprehensive study and investigation of the causes of drug abuse and their relative significance. The Commission consisted of thirteen members. Nine were appointed by the President. The other members of the Commission were members of Congress, two of which were appointed by the President of the Senate and two by the Speaker of the House. The Commission submitted its final report in March 1973 and terminated shortly thereafter.

Scope and Content Note

The records consist of correspondence, memorandums, reports, personnel actions, and press releases. Primary correspondents include the President, John Ehrlichman, Bud Krogh, David Parker, Charles Colson, Harry Flemming, and commission chairman Raymond P. Shafer. Topics include funding for the Commission, national trends in substance abuse, the position of the Commission and that of the Administration regarding the legal status of marihuana, the Commission's findings, and appointments to the Commission. Corresponding oversized attachments have been processed and integrated into the files.

The terms Executive and General are used before the code FG 308 generally to determine the source of the materials. Items designated Executive are communications among national, foreign, state and local governments and their agencies, Members of Congress, and other prominent people. Items designated General are communications between Government officials and private citizens, institutions, and other private interests. 

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