FG 179 (National Mediation Board) (White House Central Files: Subject Files)


These Presidential historical materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note), and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify private or personal as well as non-historical items. Such items, if found, have been withdrawn for return to the individual with primary proprietary or commemorative interest in them.

Materials covered by this act have been archivally processed and are described in this finding aid. Items that are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (NA Form 14021) has been placed in the front of each folder describing each withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restrictions. Classified documents may be reviewed for declassification under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear measurement of materials:   2 in.
  • Number of pages:   300
Organizational Note

The National Mediation Board was established by the Railway Labor Act of 1926. This act was passed to ensure the uninterrupted service of the railroad industry despite labor disputes. The National Mediation Board's main function is to ensure the employees rights and resolve disputes between employees and employers. In 1934 this act was amended and the National Railroad Adjustment Board was created to arbitrate disputes between parties when an agreement can't be reached under the normal procedures as provided by the Railway Labor Act. In 1936 the act was amended again to include the airline industry as well as the railroad industry.

Scope and Content Note

The records consist of memoranda, correspondence press releases and reports.

Primary correspondents include Francis A. O'Neill, Noble M. Melencamp, and George S. Ives.

Topics include appointments to and members of the Board.

The terms Executive and General used before the file designation FG 179 generally determine the source of the material.  Items designated Executive [EX] are communications between Commission members or staff and the President, White House staff members, Federal officials, members of Congress, and other prominent people.  Items designated General [GEN] are communications between White House staff members and the general public or a Congressional representative writing on behalf of a constituent.

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