FG 224 (Tennessee Valley Authority) (White House Central Files: Subject Files)


These Presidential historical materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note), and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify private or personal as well as non-historical items. Such items, if found, have been withdrawn for return to the individual with primary proprietary or commemorative interest in them.

Materials covered by this act have been archivally processed and are described in this finding aid. Items that are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (NA Form 14021) has been placed in the front of each folder describing each withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restrictions. Classified documents may be reviewed for declassification under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear measurement of materials:   11 in.
  • Number of pages:   2,417
Organizational Note

The purpose of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is to conduct a unified program of resource conservation, development, and use to advance the economic development of the Tennessee Valley region. The Authority is a corporation created by act of Congress on May 18, 1933 (48 Stat. 58; 16 U.S.C. 831-831dd). All functions of the Authority are vested in its Board of Directors, who are appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. Offices of the Board and General Manager are in Knoxville, Tennessee. TVA is wholly owned by the U.S. Government. While its electric power program is required to be financially self-supporting, other programs are financed primarily by appropriations.

A system of dams built by TVA on the Tennessee River and its larger tributaries provides flood regulation on the Tennessee and contributes to regulation of the lower Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. The system maintains a continuous 9-foot-draft channel for navigation for the length of the 650-mile Tennessee River main system, from Paducah, Kentucky, to Knoxville, Tennessee. The dams harness the power of the rivers to produce electricity. They also provide other benefits, including a major asset for outdoor recreation.

TVA operates the river control system, and investigates the need for and feasibility of additional river control projects. It gives assistance to State and local governments in reducing local flood problems. It also works with cooperating agencies to encourage full and effective use of the navigable waterway by industry and commerce.

TVA is wholesale power supplier for 160 local municipal and cooperative electric systems serving about 2 million customers in parts of seven States. It supplies power to several Federal installations and industries whose power requirements are large or unusual. Power to meet these demands is supplied from 29 dams and 12 coal-fired powerplants operated by TVA, 7 U.S. Corps of Engineers dams in the Cumberland Valley, and 12 Aluminum Company of America dams whose operation is coordinated with the TVA system.

Projects now under construction by TVA include three nuclear power plants, a pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, two multiple-use reservoirs, and various pollution control and environmental research facilities.

At Muscle Shoals, Alabama, TVA operates a national laboratory for development of new and improved fertilizers and processes. Research results are made available to industry. Fertilizers produced in the demonstration facilities are distributed for use in research and educational programs, principally farm test-demonstrations and demonstrations conducted through cooperative and wholesale fertilizer distributors.

In cooperation with other agencies, TVA conducts research and development programs in forestry, fish and game, watershed protection, health services related to its operations, and economic development of Tennessee Valley tributary areas through citizen associations.

In the western part of the valley, TVA is developing Land Between the Lakes as a demonstration project in outdoor recreation and conservation education.

Scope and Content Note

The records consist of letters, memorandums, news bulletins, newsletters, news releases, press releases, reports, statements, telegrams, and copies of various newspaper articles. Primary correspondents include the President, Dwight L. Chapin, William Casselman, Harry S. Dent, John D. Ehrlichman, Robert Ellsworth, Peter M. Flanigan, Thomas C. Korologos, Richard Fairbanks, David N. Parker, Jon Rose, Brent Scowcroft, William E. Timmons, and other members of the White House Staff and members of Congress. These files also contain correspondence from chairmen, directors, and other members of the Tennessee Valley Authority.

Topics include various activities and developments of the Tennessee Valley Authority. These activities and developments include bond legislation, budget, coal shortages, costs, domestic energy matters, operations, rate increases, personnel reductions, reappointments, and revenues.

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