FG 229 (United States Civil Service Commission) (White House Central Files: Subject Files)


These Presidential historical materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note), and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify private or personal as well as non-historical items. Such items, if found, have been withdrawn for return to the individual with primary proprietary or commemorative interest in them.

Materials covered by this act have been archivally processed and are described in this finding aid. Items that are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (NA Form 14021) has been placed in the front of each folder describing each withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restrictions. Classified documents may be reviewed for declassification under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear measurement of materials:   10 in.
  • Number of pages:   2,196
Organizational Note

The United States Civil Service Commission was created by act of Congress on January 16, 1883 (5 U.S.C. 1101). The Civil Service Act was designed to establish a merit system under which appointments to Federal jobs are made on the basis of fitness as determined by open and competitive examination rather than personal preference or political considerations. Over the years, additional legislation and Executive orders have broadened the Commission role to include such Federal personnel management activities as job classification, status and tenure, pay comparability, awards, training, labor-management relations, equal employment opportunity, health and life insurance programs, and retirement. The Commission also has responsibilities under the Voting Rights Act of 1965 979 Stat. 437) and the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1909).

The ten regional offices, whose geographical coverage conforms to that of the Federal regions, are structured to provide decentralized operation of the Commission programs in the field.

The Civil Service Commission is the agency of the executive branch, which has as its primary interest the human resources of Government. The interest takes the form of a range of programs designed to develop and support the effectiveness of the Government employee. Some of these programs support Government program managers' responsibilities in personnel management and other benefit employees directly.

Scope and Content Note

The records consist of biographical statements, letters, annual reports, memorandums and press releases. Correspondents include the President, John D. Ehrlichman, Peter M. Flanigan, Leonard Garment, Fred Malek and other members of the White House Staff and members of Congress. These files contain correspondence from members of the United States Civil Service Commission.

Topics include appointments, nominations, resignations, activities and developments of United States Civil Service Commission.

The terms Executive and General are used before the code FG 229 generally to determine the source of the materials within a specific file. The files designated Executive are communications among national, foreign, state and local governments and their agencies, Members of Congress, and other prominent people. Files designated General are communications between Government officials and private citizens, institutions, and other private interests.

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