March 18, 1971


This almanac page for Thursday, March 18, 1971, pulls together various records created by the federal government and links to additional resources which can provide context about the events of the day.

Previous Date: Wednesday, March 17, 1971

Next Date: Friday, March 19, 1971

Schedule and Public Documents

  • The Daily Diary files represent a consolidated record of the President's activities. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    The President's day began at The White House - Washington, D. C.

  • The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents made available transcripts of the President's news conferences; messages to Congress; public speeches, remarks, and statements; and other Presidential materials released by the White House.

    Digitized versions can be found at HathiTrust.

  • Each Public Papers of the Presidents volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the White House Office of the Press Secretary during the time period specified by the volume. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the text note.

    To ensure accuracy, remarks have been checked against audio recordings (when available) and signed documents have been checked against the original, unless otherwise noted. Editors have provided text notes and cross references for purposes of identification or clarity.

  • The Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other Presidential documents.

  • The Congressional Record is the official daily record of the debates and proceedings of the U.S. Congress.

Archival Holdings

  • The H. R. Haldeman Diaries consists of seven handwritten diaries, 36 dictated diaries recorded as sound recordings, and two handwritten audio cassette tape subject logs. The diaries and logs reflect H. R. Haldeman’s candid personal record and reflections on events, issues, and people encountered during his service in the Nixon White House. As administrative assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, Haldeman attended and participated in public events and private meetings covering the entire scope of issues in which the Nixon White House engaged in during the years 1969-1973. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

  • The National Archives Catalog is the online portal to the records held at the National Archives, and information about those records. It is the main way of describing our holdings and also provides access to electronic records and digitized versions of our holdings. 

    The Catalog searches across multiple National Archives resources at once, including archival descriptions, digitized and electronic records, authority records, and web pages from and the Presidential Libraries. The Catalog also allows users to contribute to digitized historical records through tagging and transcription.

    Nixon Library Holdings

    All National Archives Units

National Security Documents

  • The President's Daily Brief is the primary vehicle for summarizing the day-to-day sensitive intelligence and analysis, as well as late-breaking reports, for the White House on current and future national security issues. Read "The President's Daily Brief: Delivering Intelligence to Nixon and Ford" to learn more.

  • The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. Visit the State Department website for more information.

    Vol. IV, Foreign Assistance, International Development, Trade Policies, 1969-1972

    Coordinating Committee on Export Controls, 1969-1972

    Vol. V, United Nations, 1969-1972

    Chinese Representation in the United Nations

    Vol. VII, Vietnam, July 1970-January 1972

    Operational Lam Son 719, February 8-April 7, 1971

    • 155. Summary of Conclusions for a Meeting of the Washington Special Actions Group, Washington, March 18, 1971, 5:05-6:07 p.m.

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Institutional Files (H-Files), Box H–115, WSAG Meetings Minutes, Originals, 1971. Top Secret; Nodis; COMINT. The meeting took place in the Situation Room of the White House. Smith informed Kissinger in a March 18 memorandum that the “intelligence community is obsessed with preparing for today’s WSAG and would not accomplish the analytical tasks we set out.” Smith assured Kissinger that the NSC staff and CIA analysts had devised a simple model to assess Lam Son’s effects but that the CIA believed it needed a White House order to gain DIA’s cooperation in doing the calculations. Smith wrote that the underlying problem was that CIA, unlike DIA, believed that the operation did not cut off all enemy supplies. (Ibid, Box H–80, WSAG Meeting File, Intelligence on NVSM 3–18–71)

    Vol. XIII, Soviet Union, October 1970-October 1971

    "A Key Point in Our Relationship": Backchannel Talks on SALT, Berlin, and the Summit

    • 146. Conversation Between President Nixon and the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger), Washington, March 18, 1971

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Tapes, Conversation 469–13. No classification marking. The editors transcribed the portion of the tape recording printed here specifically for this volume. According to his Daily Diary, Nixon met Kissinger in the Oval Office from 6:30 to 6:50 p.m. (Ibid., White House Central Files) Haldeman, who was also in attendance, recorded the meeting in his diary: “Henry was in for a while and reported that he had received a long proposal from Dobrynin today on the proposed Berlin settlement, which is still not in form to be satisfactory to us, but it’s getting much closer apparently, and Henry thinks maybe there’s something workable that can be developed from it.” (Haldeman, Haldeman Diaries, p. 258)

    Vol. XVII, China, 1969-1972

    China,January-September 1971

    Vol. XXIX, Eastern Europe, 1969-1972


    Vol. XXXII, SALT I, 1969-1972

    From Stalemate to Breakthrough, August 24, 1970-May 20, 1971

    Vol. XL, Germany and Berlin, 1969-1972

    Germany and Berlin, 1969-1972

    • 201. Letter From the Soviet Ambassador (Dobrynin) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger), Washington, March 18, 1971

      Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 491, President’s Trip Files, Dobrynin/Kissinger, 1971, Vol. 5 [Part 2]. No classification marking. Handwritten notations on the letter and attached draft agreement indicate that both were received from Dobrynin at 1 p.m. on March 18. That afternoon, Kissinger forwarded the documents to Rush with the following special channel message: “The best way to deal with the attached document is to send you the full text together with the note which transmitted it. On Monday [March 22] evening when I see Dobrynin, I should indicate the following: (a) what parts are acceptable, (b) what parts are generally unacceptable and why, and (c) what parts are unacceptable as stated but could perhaps form the basis of a negotiation. In any event details would be shifted into your channel even with respect to point (a). I would appreciate as full talking points as you can prepare. I would not bother you this much without major Presidential interest. Your cooperation has been superb and we are all deeply grateful. Text follows.” (Ibid., Kissinger Office Files, Box 59, Country Files, Europe, Ambassador Rush, Berlin, Vol. 1 [2 of 2])

    Vol. E-5, Part 1, Documents on Sub-Saharan Africa, 1969-1972

    The Horn

    • 313. Memorandum From the Vice Director, Joint Staff (Freeman) to Secretary of Defense Laird, Washington, March 18, 1971

      The Joint Chiefs of Staff recommended that Kagnew Station be retained, consolidation be reconsidered, and an 18-month period be authorized when Diego Garcia was completed in March 1973, to assess the feasibility of moving some Kagnew Station functions to that location.

      Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330–76–197, Ethiopia 1971, Box 63. Secret. The attachment is not published.

    Vol. E-5, Part 2, Documents on North Africa, 1969-1972


  • The Kissinger telephone conversation transcripts consist of approximately 20,000 pages of transcripts of Kissinger’s telephone conversations during his tenure as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (1969-1974) and Secretary of State (1973-1974) during the administration of President Richard Nixon. Visit the finding aid for more information.

    Digitized versions of many of these transcripts can be found on the Yale University Library website.

Audiovisual Holdings

  • The White House Tapes are sound recordings of President Richard Nixon's telephone conversations and of meetings held in the Oval Office and the Cabinet Room in the White House, the President's office in the Old Executive Office Building (OEOB), the Lincoln Sitting Room in the residence section of the White House, and several locations at the Presidential retreat at Camp David, Maryland. These recordings document many of the major events and decisions of the Nixon Administration from February 16, 1971 to July 18, 1973. Visit the White House Tapes finding aid to learn about the taping system's operation and archival processing.

    Oval Office

  • The White House Photo Office collection consists of photographic coverage of President Richard Nixon meeting with prominent social, political, and cultural personalities; speaking engagements and news conferences of the President and various high-ranking members of the White House staff and Cabinet; Presidential domestic and foreign travel, including Presidential vacations; social events and entertainment involving the First Family, including entertainers present; official portraits of the President, First Family, and high-ranking members of the Nixon administration; the 1969 and 1973 Inaugurals; the President’s 1972 Presidential election campaign appearances (including speeches) and other official activities of the White House staff and the President’s Cabinet from January 20, 1969 until August 9, 1974 at the White House and the Old Executive Office Building; other locations in Washington, DC, such as The Mall; and the Presidential retreats in Camp David, Maryland, Key Biscayne, Florida, and San Clemente, California. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    Roll WHPO-5891 Photographer: Atkins, Oliver | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-5891-04-36, Close-up portrais of Dr. Paul McCracken. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. unknown. Paul McCracken.
    • Frame(s): WHPO-5891-16, Close-up portrait of Dr. Paul McCracken. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. unknown. Paul McCracken.

    Roll WHPO-5892 Photographer: Kightlinger, Jack | Color or B&W: Color

    • Frame(s): WHPO-5892-03A-18A, Pat Nixon attending a birthday reception at the Liberian Embassy. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. Liberian Embassy. Pat Nixon, Adele Rogers, officials, guests.

    Roll WHPO-5893 Photographer: Kightlinger, Jack | Color or B&W: Color

    • Frame(s): WHPO-5893-03-32, Pat Nixon attending a birthday reception at the Liberian Embassy. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. Liberian Embassy. Pat Nixon, officials, guests.
    • Frame(s): WHPO-5893-31, Pat Nixon attending a birthday reception at the Liberian Embassy. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. Liberian Embassy. Pat Nixon, unidentified woman.

    Roll WHPO-5894 Photographer: Schumacher, Karl | Color or B&W: B&W

    • Frame(s): WHPO-5894-04A-08A, Staff briefing and meeting. 3/18/1971, Washington, D.C. White House, Roosevelt Room. unidentified staff members, William Ruckelshaus.
  • The White House Communications Agency Sound Recordings Collection contains public statements that took place between 1969 and 1974. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    G - Cabinet Officer Briefings

    • WHCA-SR-G-092
      Briefing by Secretary of Transportation John Volpe, with Gerald Warren. (3/18/1971, Press Lobby)

      Runtime: 24:00:00

      Production credits: Audio feed supplied by WHCA; Recorded by WJN (initials of WHCA engineer)

      Original Format: 1/4-inch reel-to-reel audiotape. Original source type: Original.
  • The White House Communications Agency Videotape Collection contains “off-the-air” recordings of televised programs produced between 1968 and 1974. Visit the finding aid to learn more.

    • WHCA-4225
      Pat Paulsen Tape. Governor George Wallace and his family.
      Group W Productions, Inc.
      Runtime: 0:30
    • WHCA-4226
      Weekly News Summary, Tape I.
      Runtime: 1:30

      45. Smith/Geer: Supersonic Transport (SST) loses House vote; 218 to 204. Time Code Start: 78:32. Keywords: House of Representatives, Congress, voting, aircraft, speed of sound, subsonic airliners, investigations, reports. Network: ABC.

      46. Reasoner/Giggans: Laos. Time Code Start: 81:19. Keywords: Laos, Vietnam War. Network: ABC.

      47. Brinkley: Supersonic Transport (SST); House votes 215-204 against funding SST; vote believed final blow, Representative Gerald Ford dismayed. Time Code Start: 84:06. Keywords: Supersonic Transport, SST, aircraft, speed of sound, subsonic airliners, voting. Network: NBC.

      48. McGee/Duke/Nesson: Revenue sharing, transportation funding (Secretary of Transportation Volpe), & inoculation program. Time Code Start: 86:40. Keywords: bills, laws, State and Local Fiscal Assistance Act of 1972, financial aid, vaccinations, serums, vaccines, cabinet, advisors. Network: NBC.
    • WHCA-4227
      Weekly News Summary, Tape II.
      Runtime: 1:00

      1. Brinkley/Brady: Laos Operation accomplishing objectives; Pilot warrant officer Fred Few says South Vietnam forces overrun by enemy attack at Fire Base Lolo. Time Code Start: 00:00. Keywords: Laos, Vietnam War,. Network: NBC.

      2. Cronkite/Benton: Supersonic Transport (SST) vote. Time Code Start: 03:17. Keywords: Supersonic Transport, SST, aircraft, speed of sound, subsonic airliners, voting. Network: CBS.

      3. Cronkite: Laos. Time Code Start: 06:01. Keywords: Laos, Vietnam War. Network: CBS.

      4. Schorr: Transportation & insurance (Secretary of Transportation Volpe); revenue sharing & mass transportation. Time Code Start: 07:04. Keywords: bills, laws, State and Local Fiscal Assistance Act of 1972, financial aid, cabinet, advisors. Network: CBS.

      5. Sevareid: Commentary on Laos, dissention on the Hill. Time Code Start: 10:01. Keywords: Laos, Vietnam War. Network: CBS.
    • WHCA-4246
      NBC News Excerpts: Phil Brady's Indochina Reports [Weekly News Summary]. Phil Brady.
      Runtime: 00:34:02

      5. Brady: Report from Ham Nghi, South Vietnamese headquarters for Laos invasion; Fire base (FSB) Lolo evacuated. Time Code Start: 09:31. Keywords: Vietnam War, Armed Forces, military, air bases, airfields, airports, fire support base, firebases, temporary military encampments, artillery air strike coordination center. Network: NBC.

Context (External Sources)