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History Day 2011

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BRIEFING BOOKS

The Nixon Library is proud to support National History Day! In keeping with this year's theme, Debate & Diplomacy: Successes, Failures, Consequences, we have compiled these "briefing books" on some of the topics covered in our collection. Our archive houses over 42 million pages of primary documents. We hope this very small sample inspires your research!

For more information please email NixonEducation@nara.gov or call 714-983-9120. To make arrangements to visit our research room, please email Nixon@nara.gov.

Logo for this year's theme.

SELECTED TOPICS:
The Biafra War: Should the United States Intervene?

Civil Rights in the Nixon Era: The Peaceful Desegregation of American Schools
Ping Pong Diplomacy: President Richard Nixon's Visit to China
SALT: Limiting Arms During the Cold War
Nutrition, Hunger, and Politics: The School Lunch Program
Richard Nixon and the Environment: The Creation of the E.P.A.
The Twenty-sixth Amendment: Debating the Voting Age
Ending the Yom Kippur War: A Challenge for Diplomacy

 

The Biafra War: Should the United States Intervene?

From the NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
01. Memo for Kissinger- April 23, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
02. Con. with Ambassador Ahoua, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
03. Nigeria Situation Report- Mar. 7, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
04. President’s Statement of Relief, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
05. Washington Post- Feb. 20, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
06. Memo for the President- Feb. 18, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
07. Biafran Relief Decision, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
08. Background Nigeria & Biafra, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
09. NSC Papers on Biafran Relief, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
10. NSC- Talking Points, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
11. Nig. Situation Report- Jan. 29, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
12. Memo for the President- May 15, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 1 [Jan.69- May 69]
NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria Vol. 2 [Jul.69- Oct. 69]
01. Letter to Nixon, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
02. Peace Initiative, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
03. Nigeria- Info Memo, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
04. Letter from Onyegbula, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
05. Nigerian & U.S. Talks, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
06. Nixon’s Statement, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
07. Kissinger- Sept. 20, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
08. Kissinger- Aug. 25, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
09. Memo for Nixon, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
10. Peace Initiative, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
11. Letter to Gowon, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
12. Letter from Nixon, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
13. Letter to Trudeau, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
14. Letter to the Pope, NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]
15. Letter to UN Sec., NSC File, Country File-Africa, Box 741, Nigeria to 10-69 Vol. II [Jul.69- Oct.69]


Civil Rights in the Nixon Era: The Peaceful Desegregation of American Schools


01. Statement by Nixon, Pre-Pres. Papers Speech File, Oct. 14- Oct. 31, 1952, Box 12, Statement on Civil Rights
02. Address of Nixon, Pre-Pres. Papers Speech File, Oct. 14- Oct. 31, 1952, Box 12, Civil Rights N.Y., N.Y. Commodore Hotel
03.Excerpts from Address, Pre-Pres. Papers Speech File, Jan.27-May26, 1968, Box 92, [Sp. File]- Campaign [Civil Rights v. Rule of Law] Cincinnati, Ohio
04.Human Dignity, Pre-Pres. Papers Speech File, Jan.27-May26, 1968, Box 94, [Sp. File]- Campaign Bridges to Human Dignity. Pts I v II, call for Black Capitalism
05.Nixon Interview, Pre-Pres. Papers Speech File, Aug.18-Sept.12, Box 96, Sp. File Interview WBTV(CBS) Charlotte, N.C. Campaign, Trade, Segregation, Media
06. 06-03-1960, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
07. 05-11-1960, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
08. 05-11-1960 P.II, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
09. Telegram, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
10. 01-29-1960, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
11. 02-05-1958, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
12. 01-23-1958, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
13. 08-08-1957, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
14. 08-02-1957, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
15. 07-12-1957, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649
16. 07-12-1957, Pre-Pres. Papers, VP General Correspondence Robinson. Jackie-Rock-n-Roll Club of South America, Box 649

Ping Pong Diplomacy: President Richard Nixon's Visit to China


01. Memo from Kissinger to Nixon, 10-16-1969, NSC, PA, Box 663, PAKISTAN Vol. 1 January 1-November 30, 1969 [1 of 3]
02. Telegram from U.S. Ambassador to Poland, 12-03-1969, NSC, Presidential Acquisitions File, Box 700, Poland Vol. 1 Warsaw talks up to January 31, 1970
03. Speech Announcing China Visit, 7-15-71
04. Memo between Nixon and Tsetung, 02-21-1972, NSC, Kissinger Office Files, Box 91, China-President’s talks with Mao and Chou En Lai February 1972
05. Typescript Translation of Prime Minister Chou En-lai’s Toast at the Banquet in Honor of President Richard Nixon, SMOF, PPF, Box 72, February 21, 1971
06. Menu from Banquet Given in President Nixon’s Honor, 02-21-1972, SMOF, PPF, February 25, 1972, Peking, China-Reciprocal Dinner
07. Shanghai Communique, 02-27-1971, SMOF, PPF, Box 73, February 28, 1972 Joint Communique US China
08. Exchange of Animals Telegram, 03-31-1972, SMOF, Chapin, Box 20, China OA 9246

SALT: Limiting Arms During the Cold War

From the President’s personal files
01. Nixon Speaking to the USSR, Pres. Personal File, Pres. Sp. File, Box 75, May 22-29,1972-Russia
02. U.S. & USSR Relations, Pres. Personal File, Pres. Sp. File, Box 75, May22-29,1972-Russia
03. Basic Principles of Relations, Pres. Personal File, Pres. Sp. File, May22-29,1972-Russia
04. Agreement & Measures, Pres. Personal File, Pres. Sp. File, Box 75, May22-29,1972-Russia
From the Staff Secretary's files
01.SALT Information, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
02. President on Arms Limitation Treaty and Agreement, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
03.United States & Soviet Union Agreement on SALT Measures, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
04. United States & Soviet Union Agreement on SALT Measures, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
05. Treaty on Limitations of Anti-Ballistic Missile System, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
06. Q&A with Kissinger, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
07. Press Conference with Kissinger, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
08. Press Conference with Kissinger and Smith, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
09. President’s Transmittal Letters [1 of 2], WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
10. President’s Transmittal Letters [2 of 2], WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
11. Secretary’s Transmittal Letters, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
12. ABM Treaty, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
13. Offensive Agreement, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
14. Agreed Interpretations, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents
15. Unilateral Statements, WHSF, SM&OF Staff Secretary, Box 142, SALT Basic Documents

Nutrition, Hunger, and Politics: The School Lunch Program

AG Memo on School Lunch Fund Shortage
AG Memo on Scrip for Lunch Program
Briefing Memo for President on HR 515
Budget Memo to Harlow on HR 11651
Ehrlichman Inquiry about Scrip for Lunch Program
FY 71 Budget Amendment for Child Nutrition
LA Times Editorial 12-4-1969
Letter about the Lunch Program
Letter from Nixon
Letter to Nixon from IL
Letter to Nixon from Ladies of Albuquerque NM
Letter to Nixon from MD
Letter to Nixon from ME
Memo to Ehrlichman
Memo to Ehrlichman on Revised Milk Bill
Memo to Ehrlichman on School Lunch Funds Shortage
Memo to Ehrlichman- Veto Strategy
Memo to Nixon- School Milk Program
Recommendations to Lunch Program
Rindlaub Letter to WH
Special Milk Program
Speech-WH Conference on Nutrition
Stevens Memo to WH
WH Reply to Rindlaub

Richard Nixon and the Environment: The Creation of the E.P.A.

01 Annotated News Summary Nov. 27, 1969
02 Annotated News Summaries from Feb. 1970
03 Memo, John Whitaker to Ed Morgan, Jan. 8, 1971
04 Haldeman Notes 1971-02-09
05 Memo, William Ruckelshaus to John Whitaker, Jan. 11, 1971
06 Haldeman Notes 1971-06-27
07 Memorandum for the President’s File, Charles Colson, Mar. 9, 1971
08 Haldeman Notes 1971-06-08
09 Memo, H. R. Haldeman to John Ehrlichman and John Whitaker, July 30, 1971
11 Memo, Russell Train to John Ehrlichman, Nov. 3, 1969
12 Memo, John Whitaker to John Ehrlichman, Jun. 9, 1971
13 Memo, John Whitaker to President, Jun. 29, 1971

The Twenty-sixth Amendment: Debating the Voting Age

03-17-1970 Ehrlichman Notes with President - WHSF SMOF John Ehrlichman Box 9
04-08-1971 Youth Memo - WHCF SMOF Robert Finch Box 44
06-22-1970 Voting Rights Act - WHSF SMOF Presidential Personal File Box 59
7-05-1971 Notes for 26th Amendment Ceremony - WHSF SMOF Presidential Personal File Box 67
07-23-1972 Memo President to Haldeman Youth Registration Box 10
08-31-1972 Campus Handout Sheets - Returned Materials Central Files Howard Cohen Box 38
video short

Ending the Yom Kippur War: A Challenge for Diplomacy

Henry Kissinger's Transcribed Telephone Conversations from October 6, 1973
01. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
02. Kissinger & Min. Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
03. Kissinger & Min. Zayad, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
04. Kissinger & Scowcroft, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
05. Kissinger & Yedanov, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
06. Kissinger & Atherton, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
07. Kissinger & Zayat, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
08. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
09. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
10. Kissinger & Howe, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
11. Kissinger & Zayat, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
12. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
13. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
14. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
15. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
16. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
17. Kissinger & Scowcroft, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
18. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
19. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
20. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
21. Kissinger & Nixon, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
22. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
23. Kissinger & McIntyre, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
24. Kissinger & Ziegler, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
25. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
26. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
27. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
28. Kissinger & Javits, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
29. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
30. Kissinger & MacLean, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
31. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
32. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
33. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
34. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
35. Kissinger & Rush, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
36. Kissinger & Scali, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
37. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
38. Kissinger & Shalev, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
39. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
40. Kissinger & Cromer, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
41. Kissinger & Mansfield, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
42. Kissinger & Aiken, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
43. Kissinger & Scali, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
44. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
45. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
46. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
47. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
48. Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
49. Kissinger & Scali, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
50. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
51. Haig & Kissinger, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
52. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
53. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
54. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
55. Kissinger & Bennet, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
56. Kissinger & Zayyat, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
57. Kissinger & Sisco, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
58. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
59. Kissinger & Cromer, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
60. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
61. Call to Commander Howe, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 6, 1973
Henry Kissinger's Transcribed Telephone Conversations from October 7, 1973
01. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
02. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
03. Kissinger & Nixon, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
04. Kissinger & Griffin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
05. Kissinger & Percy, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
06. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
07. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
08. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
09. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
10. Kissinger & Schlesinger, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
11. Kissinger & Nixon, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
12. Kissinger & Haig, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
13. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
14. Kissinger & Schlesinger, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
15. Kissinger & Ziegler, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
16. Kissinger & Ziegler, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
17. Kissinger & Cromer, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
18. Kissinger & Dobrynin, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
19. Kissinger & Scali, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
20. Kissinger & Zayyat, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
21. Kissinger & Fulbright, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
22. Kissinger & Aiken, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
23. Kissinger & Eban, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
24. Kissinger & Zayyat, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
25. Kissinger & Lindsay, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
26. Kissinger & Mansfield, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
27. Kissinger & Scowcroft, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
28. Kissinger & Nixon, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
29. Kissinger & Waldheim, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
30. Kissinger & Dinnitz, Kissinger Telecons, Chronological File, Box 22, October 7, 1973
 

For more information, contact us at 714-983-9120 or NixonEducation@nara.gov.

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