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J. Fred Buzhardt

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The Presidential historical materials of J. Fred Buzhardt are in custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-526, 88 Stat. 1695) and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify personal and private materials (including materials outside the date span covered by the act) as well as non-historical items. These materials have been returned to the individual who has primary proprietary interest.

Materials covered by the act have been archivally processed and are described in this register. Items which are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (GSA Form 7279) with a description of each restricted document has been inserted at the beginning of each folder from which materials have been removed. A Document Control Record marks the original position of the withdrawn item.

Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restriction. Certain classified documents may be declassified under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to a Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear feet of materials:   1.6
  • Approximate number of pages:   4,000

Biographical Note

1924 February 21 Born in Greenwood, South Carolina

1941-1942 Attended Wofford College, Spartanburg, S.C.

1942-1943 Served in the Army Air Corps WWII

1943-1946 Attended and graduated from West Point Military Academy

1946 June 14 Married Imogene Sanders

1946-1950 United States Air Force pilot

1952 LL.B., University of South Carolina, Columbia , S.C.

1952-1958 Practiced law with his father, McCormich, S.C.

1958-1966 Joined Senator Strom Thurmond's staff and specialized in military affairs

1966-1969 Private practice of law

1969 Appointed Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Administration

1969 June 30-June 30, 1970 Special assistant to the Chairman of the Blue Ribbon Defense Panel

1970 General Counsel for Department of Defense

1973 May 10 Appointed White House Counsel for Watergate matters

1974 August 16 Resigned from White House and returned to private practice in Beaufort, South Carolina

1978 December 16 Died

Scope and Content Note

Although the materials cover the period September 1970 to February 1974, three of the boxes consist primarily of carbons of outgoing letters and memos from John W. Dean III and Fred Fielding, Counsel and Deputy Counsel to the President. It appears these materials were in the office files when J. Fred Buzhardt was appointed White House Counsel May 10, 1973. John Dean was fired on April 30, 1973. Fred Fielding, Deputy Counsel to the President, remained on the staff. Approximately one and a half boxes contain memos or letters signed by J. Fred Buzhardt.

The materials are arranged into two series:

  1. Chronological File
  2. Special Files

The first three boxes of materials consist of a chronological file of incoming letters and memos, some originals, and outgoing carbons. The materials concern a variety of topics such as: consideration of endorsements and advertisements, use of the President's name and the Presidential seal, requests for support for appointments to the White House legal office, the Washington D.C. Bar and the Supreme Court, requests for Presidential pardons and amnesty, legal briefs involving White House staff members and the President, advice on possible conflicts of interest, comments on bills pending before Congress such as the 18-year-old vote, appearances of staff and administration figures before Congressional committees concerned with issues such as ITT and the milk producers.

The last two boxes contain materials brought to the Special files from Buzhardt's office on August 13, 1974, because they contained Top Secret materials. They consist of one box of proposals and plans for the future Nixon Library at Camp Pendleton, California. The last box also contains clippings on Democratic candidates and major contributors and a large folder of materials concerning the advertisement in the New York Times calling for the impeachment of the President in 1972.

 [See Also:  Buzhardt's White House Central Files]

Series Description

Boxes:   1-3
Series:   Chronological File | Folder Title List
Spans:   1970 - 1973
Description:   Incoming letters and memos, some originals, and outgoing carbons.

Boxes:   4-5
Series:   Special Files | Folder Title List
Description:   Proposals and plans for the future Nixon Library at Camp Pendleton, California; clippings on Democratic candidates and major contributors; and materials concerning the advertisement in the New York Times calling for the impeachment of the President in 1972.

Folder Title List


Box 1

Chronological-October 1970
Chronological-November 1970
Chronological-December 1970
Chronological-January 1971
Chronological-February 1971
Chronological-March 1971
Chronological-April 1971
Chronological-May 1971
Chrono-June 1971
Chrono-July 1971
Chrono-August 1971
Chronological-September 1971
Chrono-October 1971

Box 2

Chron. - November 1971
Chron. - December 1971
Chron. - January 1972
Chron. - February 1972
Chron. - March 1972
Chron. - April 1972
Chron. - May 1972
Chron. - June 1972
Chron. - July 1972
Correspondence - July-August 1972
Chron. - August 1972
Chron. - September 1972
Chron. - October 1972
Chron. - November 1972
Chron. - December 1972
Chron. - January 1973
Chron. - February 1973
Chron. - March-April 1973
May 1973 Chron
June 1973 Chron
July 1973 Chron

Box 3

August 1973 Chron
September 1973 Chron
October 1973 Chron
October Office Chron 1973
November Chron-1973
1973 November Office Chron
December Chron 1973
December 1973 Office Chron


Box 4

Materials were labeled Box 23 J. Fred Buzhardt and Assigned Special files Number #236 Contents of box were stored in an accordion file labeled: RN Library at Camp Pendleton

Camp Pendleton
Camp Pendleton-50 Year Lease
Camp Pendleton--RN Foundation
[Loose Materials Concerning Camp Pendleton]
[Nixon Library Timetable with attached Surveys of Camp Pendleton]
Camp Pendleton [Maps and Surveys]

Box 5

75W Impeachment Ad
Democratic Candidate Campaign Contributors [Clippings]
69W Contributors
68W McGovern Violations
Executive Privilege #2 Congressional-Invocation-Aug. 1971
Executive Privilege MAP Projections-Sept.-Oct. 1971
Executive Privilege Symington Subcommittee Hearings
Miscellaneous-Dudley Chapman-Classified Documents
Miscellaneous-Personnel Changes - White House Office



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