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FG 94 (Commission on Marine, Science, Engineering and Resources)

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These Presidential historical materials are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note), and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify private or personal as well as non-historical items. Such items, if found, have been withdrawn for return to the individual with primary proprietary or commemorative interest in them.

Materials covered by this act have been archivally processed and are described in this finding aid. Items that are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (NA Form 14021) has been placed in the front of each folder describing each withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restrictions. Classified documents may be reviewed for declassification under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear measurement of materials:  2 in.
  • Number of pages:  449

Organization Information

The President's Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources was established June 17, 1966, under the authority of Section 5 of the Marine Resources and Engineering Development Act of 1966, P.L. 89-454. It was an ad hoc Presidential advisory committee which terminated upon presentation of a final report in January, 1969.

The Commission studied and investigated all aspects of marine science, including oceanography, ocean engineering programs, national research programs, and known and contemplated future needs for natural marine resources, in order to recommend to the President and Congress a program of marine science activities.

The Commission made many recommendations covering such areas as marine science and technology, manpower development, coastal management, pollution control, mineral resources and environmental modification. Among specific recommendations were changes in research emphasis to encourage fewer but stronger research laboratories with adequate funds and staff; to achieve capability to explore depths to 20,000 feet by 1980; to utilize the Land and Water Conservation Fund more fully for coastal land acquisition and authorize federal guarantee of state bonds for acquiring wetlands; to identify areas which should be set aside for ecological investigations; and to continue research on fish stocks and yields and explore new techniques for raped stock assessment.

The Commission consisted of 15 members appointed by the President. The Commission also included 4 advisory members from the Senate and House of Representatives.

Scope and Content Note

The records consist of correspondence and memorandums. Primary correspondents include President Richard M. Nixon, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, White House staff, Robert Ellsworth, William E. Timmons, Dr. Edward E. David, Jr., Peter M. Flanigan, Maurice H. Stans, and Arthur F. Burns. There is also correspondence with Walter J. Hickel, Department of the Interior. Dr. Martin Anderson along with Julis Adams Stratton and Dr. Edward Wenk, Jr. of the Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources.

The terms "Executive" [Ex] and "General" [Gen] are used before the code FG 94 to identify the source of the materials within a specific file. The files designated [Ex] are communications between foreign, national, state and local governments and their agencies, Members of Congress and other prominent people. Files designated [Gen] are communication between government officers and private citizens, institutions and other private interests.

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