The Presidential historical materials of Lucy A. Winchester are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note) and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify personal and private materials (including materials outside the date span covered by the act) as well as nonhistorical items. These materials have been returned to the individual who has primary proprietary interest.
Materials covered by the Act have been archivally processed and are described in this register. Items which are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (GSA Form 7279 or NA Form 14021) with a description of each restricted document has been inserted at the beginning of each folder from which materials have been removed. A Document Control Record marks the original position of the withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restriction. Certain classified documents may be declassified under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to a Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.
- Linear feet of materials: 12.6
- Approximate number of pages: 30,400
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January 11, 1937 Born, Lexington, KY as Lucy Moulthrop Alexander
1955-1956 Sweet Briar College
1956-1957 Finch College, New York, NY
1957-1960 B.A., University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
1958 Villa Torre di Bellosguardo, Florence, Italy
1960 Receptionist, Leo Burnett Co., New York, NY
1960 Clerk-typist, Protocol Office, U.S. Mission to the United Nations, New York, NY
1961-1962 Guide, United Nations, New York, NY
July 28, 1962 Married William I. Winchester (divorced 1966)
1962-1968 Housewife in New York, NY and owner/manager Alexander Farms, Lexington, KY
1968 Volunteer, United Citizens for Nixon-Agnew, Washington, D.C.
1969-1974 Social Secretary, The White House
1974- Assistant Chief of Protocol, Department of State; married Edward T. Breathitt, Jr.
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Scope and Content Note
The Lucy A. Winchester file group documents the activities of the White House Social Secretary's office from 1969 through 1974. The Social Secretary and her staff were in charge of arranging and coordinating all social functions in the White House, whether or not the President or a member of the First Family actually participated in the event. This included the creation of guest lists, sending out and receiving invitations, scheduling entertainment and overseeing the general progress of the event. The Social Secretary worked in close coordination with numerous White House staff offices, including the domestic and security staffs, the President's and First Lady's appointments offices, military/social aides, military music groups and the Social Office. She also worked with ministers, entertainers, the State Department, and other government agencies.
The most important series are those concerned with the various "meals," both of an official and semi-private nature. Also important are the series dealing with Receptions, Holidays (especially Christmas), Worship Services (a Nixon innovation), and the entertainment oriented "Evenings at the White House." Most of these files contain background planning material, and many include guest lists, menus, and programs.
Related Staff Member and Office Files collections that should be consulted include the files of Gwendolyn B. King, Susan A. Porter, Helen M. Smith, the Social Office, the White House Social Files, and t he White House Central Files subject category "SO." Taped exit interviews with Constance C. Stuart, Penelope A. Adams, William R. Codus and notes from an interview with Coral F. Schmid will also prove informative. In addition, an oral history program is in progress which includes former members of the First Lady's staff.
The extensive photographic, film and video collection contained in the Nixon Presidential materials has much material documenting the activities of the First Lady. Also available are audio recordings of Mrs. Nixon and Constance Stuart, taped by the White House Communications Agency.
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Series: Memoranda File | Folder Title List
Description: Composed mostly of inter-office memos dealing with scheduling and other problems involving White HOuse social events. There are some thank-you letters concerning President Nixon's world trip in the summer of 1969. The files are arranged chronologically.
Series: Subject File | Folder Title List
Description: Includes requests for autographs, photos, interviews, etc. as well as invitations, gifts received, and some aspects of the Social Secretary's duties. Arrangement is alphabetical.
Series: Entertainment File | Folder Title List
Description: Comprised of biographical and publicity information on entertainers, suggestions for entertainment possibilities, and information on some specific events; there is a list of celebrities invited to White House social functions, 1969-7/21/1971, and a list of functions, 1953-1968. Arrangement is alphabetical by key word. If the key word does not begin the folder title, it has been underlined.
Series: Evenings at the White House | Folder Title List
Description: Contains background material on scheduling entertainment and inviting guests for these events, which occurred between 1969 and 1973. Most files include a guest list and scenario, and some include programs.
Series: Holidays | Folder Title List
Description: The bulk of the material deals with the planning of events for Christmases, 1969-1973. Includes information on various receptions and parties for the press corps, diplomatic children, White House staff and administration officials. There are lists of White House correspondents (1969), sub-Cabinet members (1971), Mrs. Nixon's staff, ministers who conducted worship services (1969-1973), and entertainers who performed at White House functions (1973). Many files contain scenarios of the event, schedules, guest lists and menus. There is a collection of photos of White House Christmas decorations, 1939-1968. Other holidays dealt with include the Easter Egg Roll and Fourth of July festivities in 1969, and Halloween parties for 1969, 1971 and 1972. Arrangement is chronological under the individual holidays, which are listed alphabetically.
Series: Worship Services | Folder Title List
Description: Includes the planning of services and the procuring of ministers and choirs/soloists. There is a complete list of services, 1969-1974, in box 10. Most of the files include scenarios, guest lists and programs. Some also have a transcript of the minister's remarks. Arrangement is chronological. There is a sub-series which deals with minister recommendations. This is filed alphabetically by denomination.
Series: Luncheons | Folder Title List
Description: Comprised of information used in planning the various White House luncheons. This series also includes information on Presidential or "working" Breakfasts, 1969-1972. Many files contain guest lists and scenarios and some include copies of menus. Arrangement is chronological.
Series: Receptions/Teas/Tours | Folder Title List
Description: Composed of planning material for the various late morning and afternoon events held at the White House. Most of the files include guest lists and scenarios. Many also have background information on guests or organizations invited to the event. All of these varied events are filed together in chronological order.
Series: Private/Special Dinners | Folder Title List
Description: These dinners are non-State Dinners to which guests are invited. They do not include purely private First Family meals. Even though these are not State Dinners, a visiting head of state may be the honored guest, but in a private capacity. Most files include guest lists and scenarios, and many have menus and information on entertainment. Plans for possible dinners that did not necessarily occur are also included. One interesting item is a history of the Chowder and Marching Society. Arrangement is chronological.
Series: State Dinners | Folder Title List
Description: Comprised of background information on formal dinners for visiting heads of state. According to internal evidence, not all of the dinners filed in this series were actually formal State Dinners, but were of the same type as the Special Dinners in the previous series. Since they were originally filed here, however, I have retained the original designation. Most files contain guest lists and scenarios and many also have menus, programs and entertainment information. There is also occasional material on state visit schedules and other events. Arrangement is chronological.
Series: Miscellaneous Events | Folder Title List
Description: Contains information on social events not classifiable elsewhere, including California Receptions, 1973 Inauguration, Trips, Tricia Nixon's wedding, Yachting Parties, and Julie Nixon Eisenhower's needlepoint project (including original designs). Many files contain guest lists and scenarios. Arrangement is alphabetical by subject and then chronological.
Series: Background Material | Folder Title List
Description: Comprised of materials dealing with guest selection, ideas for events, Department of State input, and lists and information on White House Fellows, interns, military support (social aides and musical groups), and a list of children of White House Staff (1969). Also includes a schedule of all social events, 1/20/1969-3/14/1973. Arrangement is alphabetical by subject.
Series: Miscellany | Folder Title List
Description: Includes books, booklets, bumper stickers, and other miscellaneous materials. There is a printed standard of conduct for White House employees (1965), and information on the Central Files and Social Files filing system. Oversize Attachments (O.A.'s) are also included in this series. Arrangement is alphabetical; O.A.'s are filed numerically at the end of the series.
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Folder Title List
Available as a searchable pdf file.
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