Home Contact Us FAQs Sitemap
Nixon Presidential Library & Museum
The Life The Times Virtual Library The Museum For Kids For Teachers For Researchers Plan Your Visit News & Events About Us Plan Your Event
FOR KIDS
Energy Policy

Speeches for Kids

Silent Majority

Energy Policy

Moon Landing

Quick Facts

Basic Bibliography

What would you do if there was a gasoline shortage? How would you get to school?

Background

In October 1973, OPEC [Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries] reduced the oil supply by 5% and placed an embargo on countries supporting Israel in the Yom Kippur War.

The embargo created a crisis, especially in the form of dramatically increased fuel prices and a shortage, in the United States. Nixon addressed the country about the crisis and had a special adviser for energy issues.

Strategies for dealing with the crisis included government buildings were fixed at 68 degrees, the speed limit was lowered to 55 mph, day lights savings time was moved to Februrary, gas stations were closed on weekends, and conservation measures encouraged. In the winter of 1974, fuel shortages created policies where even-numbered license plates could buy gas on even numbered days and odd-numbered license plates could buy gas on odd numbered days of the month.

Many citizens wrote to the President and his energy advisers offering ideas and voicing concern over the effects of different policies.

Audio

Photographs

Documents

Questions

  • Based on the additional documents provided, how would the crisis affect those who wrote the President?
  • How could the government help and should the government help?


PDF File Icon. Click here to download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader. PDF files require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader
More information on Adobe Acrobat PDF files is available on the National Archives and Records Administration's Accessibility page.

Speeches For Kids

 

Home Contact Us FAQs Sitemap

The Nixon Library and Museum is part of the Presidential Libraries system administered by the National Archives
and Records Administration
, a Federal agency. View our Privacy Statement. View our Accessibility Statement.