1. Introduction
    1. Audio
  2. Chapter I
  3. Chapter II
    1. Audio
    2. Documents
  4. Chapter III
    1. Documents
  5. Chapter IV
    1. Audio
    2. Video
    3. Documents
  6. Chapter V
    1. Audio
    2. Documents
  7. Conclusion
  8. Appendix
    1. Audio
    2. Video
    3. Documents
    4. Photo Gallery

Additional Audio

These are additional audio clips that were used in the process of creating this exhibit. Further explore how the decision was made to bomb North Vietnam with these clips. Topics include: President Thieu's reluctance to sign the agreement, Kissinger and the Paris Peace talks, the possiblity of Congress defunding the war, and Kissinger's "peace is at hand" statement.

Use the log files to help you follow along with the conversation. The conversation is highlighted in yellow. If you are having trouble understanding the conversations, here's some advice from the Nixon Tapes Team

EOB 366-6

Date: October 12, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, Alexander M. Haig, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon discusses the meaning of North Vietnam accepting economic reparations from the United States.

Download Audio File: MP3 (right click and select save as...)

Log File: EOB 366-6 Log

Oval 807-7

Date: October 26, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon and Kissinger discuss the upcoming October 26, 1972 press conference.

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Log File: Oval 807-7 Log

Oval 807-7

Date: October 26, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon and Kissinger discuss the upcoming October 26, 1972 press conference.

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Log File: Oval 807-7 Log

CDST 157-4

Date: December 6, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Camp David - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Colson discuss Kissinger and the "peace is at hand" statement.

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Log File: CDST 157-4 Log

CDST 157-4

Date: December 6, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Camp David - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Colson discuss Kissinger and the "peace is at hand" statement.

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Log File: CDST 157-4 Log

CDHW 233-10

Date: December 6, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman, Ronald L. Ziegler

Location: Camp David

Description: President Nixon and Haldeman discuss Kissinger and the predicament that the statement "peace is at hand" placed him in.

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Log File: CDHW 233-10 Log

CDHW 234-5

Date: December 6, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman

Location: Camp David

Description: President Nixon and Haldeman debate the merits of Option One v. Option Two.

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Log File: CDHW 234-5 Log

CDHW 234-5

Date: December 6, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman

Location: Camp David

Description: President Nixon and Haldeman discuss the negotiations and the possibility of bombing North Vietnam for leverage.

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Log File: CDHW 234-5 Log

Oval 820-5

Date: December 12, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon and Haig discuss Kissinger and contingency plans if the negotiations break down.

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Log File: Oval 820-5 Log

Oval 823-1

Date: December 14, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon, Kissinger, and Haig discuss President Thieu's role in impeding the agreement.

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Log File: Oval 823-1 Log

Oval 823-1

Date: December 14, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon, Kissinger, and Haig discuss their plans for bombing North Vietnam.

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Log File: Oval 823-1 Log

Oval 823-1

Date: December 14, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon, Kissinger, and Haig discuss bombing North Vietnam through Christmas in order to get POWs back.

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Log File: Oval 823-1 Log

WHT 35-2

Date: December 26, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Oval Office - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Charles Colson discuss the bombing and stratagies for how to proceed in the upcoming weeks.

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Log File: WHT 35-2 Log

WHT 35-35

Date: December 28, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger

Location: Oval Office - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Henry A. Kissinger discuss how to proceed now that North Vietnam has agreed to resume negotiations in January.

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Log File: WHT 35-35 Log

WHT 35-40

Date: December 31, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Oval Office - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Charles Colson discuss Kissinger's statements to the New York Times journalist James Reston.

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Log File: WHT 35-40 Log

CDST 159-2

Date: December 31, 1972

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Camp David - Telephone

Description: President Nixon and Charles Colson discuss Kissinger's statements to the New York Times.

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Log File: CDST 159-2 Log

Oval 831-3

Date: January 3, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Ronald L. Ziegler

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon and Ziegler discuss progress in the war and negotiations and what to tell the press.

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Log File: Oval 831-3 Log

Oval 831-3

Date: January 3, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger

Location: Oval Office

Description: President Nixon and Kissinger discuss the December Bombing and negotiations.

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Log File: Oval 831-3 Log

EOB 406-22

Date: January 30, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haldeman discuss Kissinger's statements to the press.

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Log File: EOB 406-22 Log

EOB 406-22

Date: January 30, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haldeman discuss Kissinger's statements to the press.

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Log File: EOB 406-22 Log

Oval 840-9

Date: February 3, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Charles W. Colson

Location: Oval Office

Description: Colson tells President Nixon about an encounter he had with New York Times journalist Joseph Kraft.

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Log File: Oval 840-9 Log

EOB 416-43

Date: March 17, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haig discuss Kissinger's role in the bombing.

Download Audio File: MP3 (right click and select save as...)

Log File: EOB 416-43 Log

EOB 416-43

Date: March 17, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haig discuss Kissinger's role in the bombing.

Download Audio File: MP3 (right click and select save as...)

Log File: EOB 416-43 Log

EOB 416-43

Date: March 17, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haig discuss Kissinger's role in the bombing.

Download Audio File: MP3 (right click and select save as...)

Log File: EOB 416-43 Log

EOB 416-43

Date: March 17, 1973

Participants: President Nixon, Alexander M. Haig

Location: Executive Office Building

Description: President Nixon and Haig discuss Kissinger's role in the bombing.

Download Audio File: MP3 (right click and select save as...)

Log File: EOB 416-43 Log

Additional media available for this section:

return to appendix sources link

Sources

appendix video content link

Video

appendix documents link

Documents

appendix photo gallery link

Photo